Monday, March 16, 2020
Elizabethan Era and Othello Essay Example Elizabethan Era and Othello Paper Elizabethan Era and Othello Paper Essay Topic: Death and the Maiden Othello Consider how ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s themes of prejudice and chaos versus order were received by his contemporary audience. How does Geoffrey SaxÃ¢â¬â¢s production continue to find relevance in these issues for the modern audience? Othello is a play of tragedy; that examines the darker aspects of human existence, and forces us as audience to contemplate what it is to be human. Shakespeare privileges and challenges the Elizabethan attitudes and values towards the prejudices of race and gender while also presenting his contextual theme of chaos versus order. These values transcend the context of both modern and contemporary audiences and it is through the BBC adaptation by Geoffrey Sax that modern audiences are able to engage with relevance of these issues. Othello is a story of black and white, or even more so black versus white. Shakespeare represents this racial battle on an interesting level, as a battle of good versus evil which is always seen in black versus white. It is within the character and interactions of Othello that, Shakespeare privileges and challenges the idea of the prejudice of racism. It can easily been seen that in Elizabethan times there would be no-one who would look favourably on a Ã¢â¬Å"blackÃ¢â¬ man yet Shakespeare has placed him in one of the highest positions as the general of the Venetian army in Cyprus. Othello is a man of confidence, nobility and rank yet he is constantly inferior because of his colour as can be seen through Iago who refers constantly to him as Ã¢â¬Å"The MoorÃ¢â¬ and even states him of one with the devil; Ã¢â¬Å" When devils will the blackest sins put onÃ¢â¬ ( Act 2 Scene 3, Line 341). This is likely to represent the attitudes of a great deal of people at the time the play was written as even the Queen of England was racist as at one point she expressed her discontent at the great number of Ã¢â¬ËNegars and blackamoors which are crept into the realmÃ¢â¬â¢. Yet it is through OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s character that Shakespeare is able to challenge the stereotypical ideology of Ã¢â¬ËThe MoorÃ¢â¬â¢ by making him an Elizabethan hero. From the beginning of the play, Othello is depicted as a true hero. Even Iago admits constantly that Othello is Ã¢â¬Å"of a constant, loving, noble natureÃ¢â¬ (Act 2 Scene 1 Line 270) despite his hatred. He is a great general and a great man. Like any Elizabethan hero; he is flawed; his nobility and honesty permits Iago to use his deceitful ways. Whereas a black person would normally be used in Elizabethan literature to represent the darkness, IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s absolute evil takes on that role. Though a man of African or other wise indigenous heritage is typically portrayed in Elizabethan literature in a negative light it is in Othello that allows Shakespeare to make this Ã¢â¬Å"MoorÃ¢â¬ to be appreciated by Elizabethan audiences. The prejudice of racial discrimination is still relevant within modern society as it is still an issue of significant concern. Within Geoffrey SaxÃ¢â¬â¢s BBC production we the modern audience are able to engage with how these concerns are still a major part of our society, particularly the contextual significance of white and black audiences engaging with this production. This can be seen with OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s promotion which rather than being of personal significance is of political gain for his superiors. In addition to the prejudice of racism, the play also shows to some degrees of sexism. The play is also a study of gender, the ways by which Shakespeare, ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s culture, and our culture define men and women. There are only three women in the play and each one is bound up in a relationship with a man and at the end of the play only one of the women survives. The word Ã¢â¬ËgenderÃ¢â¬â¢ describes those physical, biological, behavioural, verbal, textual, mythic and power dynamic cues that signal to others in the society, specifically the society of the Elizabethans. Constantly throughout the play, particularly Act 2 Scene 1, Line 108-112; Ã¢â¬Å"Come on, come on! You are pictures out of the door, Bells in your parlors, wildcats in your kitchens, devils being, offended, players in your housewifery, and housewives in your bedsÃ¢â¬ . Although a joke, IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s speech represents a type of mistrust in all women. Furthermore Brabantio reminds Othello that Desdemona may be unfaithful to him. These kinds of perceptions make women very susceptible to the whims of men. To Shakespeare contemporary audience this would have been the accepted attitude, and would have been a respected dominant thinking that the Elizabethan patriarchal society. A stereotypical view regards women as the emotional, weak and submissive sex, resulting in their elimination from positions of high power. Women were seen as objects, to be used or manipulated, a view upheld through IagoÃ¢â¬â¢s line: Ã¢â¬Å"Look to your house, your daughters, and your bagsÃ¢â¬ , as he likens women to mere possessions. In contrast, the male was traditionally seen as the stronger, wiser, and more reliable of the sexes, who should be involved in the processes of leadership and planning, as demonstrated by LodovicoÃ¢â¬â¢s praise of Othello: Ã¢â¬Å"the noble Moor, whom our full Senate call all-in-all-sufficientÃ¢â¬ . Thus, a Feminist reading of Othello examines how women are economically, socially, politically and psychologically oppressed in a Patriarchal society. Base use of animal imagery by Iago demonstrates the common stance on women: Ã¢â¬Å"wild-cats in your kitchensÃ¢â¬ ¦players in your housewifery, and housewives in your beds. The submissive nature expected of women can be appreciated through the subservient and respectful manner with which Desdemona conducts herself in the courthouse: Ã¢â¬Å"Most gracious duke, to my unfolding lend your prosperous ear. Ã¢â¬ As a result, Desdemona is viewed as a pure, innocent and loyal being, as evidenced through personification: Ã¢â¬Å"A maiden never bold; of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion blushd at herselfÃ¢â¬ . Such obedience is also demonstrated in DesdemonaÃ¢â¬â¢s undying loyalty to Othello, even on her dead bed: Ã¢â¬Å"A guiltless death I die! and Ã¢â¬Å"Commend me to my kind lord. Ã¢â¬ However, a more independent side of women is presented in the Sax film, through the portrayal of females as more feisty and strong-willed, yet still suppressed by the trappings of their patriarchal society. Desdemona is portrayed by a brunette, who promotes a more sensual, sexual and feisty aura. This can be clearly identified in the establishing scenes of the film, where she moves confidently and swiftly through the abandoned streets of Venice, wrapped in a veil, to keep away from prying eyes, symbolic of the hold society has upon her. Similarly, the open passion displayed between Desdemona and Othello, in various and numerous mis-en-scenes of intimacy, juxtaposes the traditional reading of the play, where women were seen as inferior and dominated by males, rather than passionate and sexually familiarised. Due to the passionate, independent and strong-minded characterisation of women, as portrayed by the Geoffrey Sax film version of Othello, an intense feeling of unease is produced by the futile death of these innocent, but loyal women. As Othello begins to abandon reason and language, chaos takes over. His world begins to be ruled by chaotic emotions and very shady allegations, with order pushed to one side. This chaos rushes him into tragedy, and once Othello has sunk into it, he is unable to stop his fate from taking him over. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s structural choice of setting is very significant within the play, as Venice and Cyprus act as a metaphor for order and chaos with Venice representing the order, Christian faith, culture and civilisation while Cyprus is an island that represents that of conflict, war, isolation and political instability. This technique is again symbolic as it is also a figurative metaphor for OthelloÃ¢â¬â¢s character, as he descends into madness the setting is a shift from the logical, calm and confident General to the mad, jealousy lover of Cyprus. Important is the contrast between Othellos language as he falls into a trance, and Othellos language in any previous part of the play, including Act III. He speaks in single, disconnected wordsÃ¢â¬ ¹handkerchiefÃ¢â¬ ¹confessionÃ¢â¬ ¹handkerchief, or Noses, ears, and lipsÃ¢â¬ ¹that completely contradict his ability to speak coherently and elegantly, as Othello has shown, especially in Act I with Brabantio. The lack of connection in his language parallels his descent into emotional and logical chaos; as he becomes more upset, without a true cause, he falls farther and farther from himself, and the order which typically rules him. Again, the theme of order vs. chaos comes into play. In the context of the Elizabethan period, power was of extreme social and cultural significance as it was in direct association to the status and structure of society. Elizabethan world view played an important part in Shakespeares text, and the Elizabethan people credited its involvement in his plays.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Leadership and Governance - Essay Example From this study stresses thatÃ an organization can quantify the performance of its leadership system in several ways. The post mentions employee turnover as a way to measure the performance of a leadership team. Productivity is the result of appropriate leadership, and happy and empowered employees. The leadership team should create an environment of trust if they desire to have happy employees and create an environment in which employees can easily acquire knowledge.Ã This paper discusses that governance and management are synonymous. Every organization has a set of morals and principles that they conform to in order to ensure fluency in operations. The reporter agrees with the assertion that governance helps to create this environment, and is undoubtedly an important constituent of any organization that desires success. Appropriate governance strategies form a good relationship between the management, stakeholders, employees, and potential customers. Any loophole in governance may weaken the relationship between any of these parties. The result of a week relationship is always failure and inadequate productivity. The example given in the post about poor governance triggering unethical behavior is quite relevant. Unethical behavior often causes disharmony among employees, and often associates with legal consequences with the leadership team. In addition, there is a risk of stakeholders backing out if ethical and legal challenges riddle an organization.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Business and Corporate Law - Case Study Example In this assignment the business, which has been trading successfully as a partnership for many years, has decided to become a private company limited by shares. As such, they will be incorporated and registered under the Companies Acts, the main one of which is the Companies Act 1985. Under this act, the company must have a registered office1, which Lorraine and Brenda wish to have at Chancery Lane, London. The Act allows two or more persons to form a company with limited liability for any lawful purposes by following the formal requirements of the Act2. A memorandum and articles of association, which are the rules that govern the running and relationships of the company must be provided to the registrar as part of this process.3 Before getting into the details that regulate insolvency under the act I would like to just review the basics which you may already be aware of. As you have been acting under a partnership for some years you will have a general idea of how your business is performing and the likelihood of its future success. I do not see the change from partnership to limited company effecting your trading prospects materially. Therefore, if you have been successful as a partnership there is every reason to expect this success to continue after the change to company. You will have been used to operating under the partnership in a situation of unlimited liability. This means that in the event of the business failing, you both personally would have been liable for all of the debts of the business and stood to lose your homes and all of your personal assets. Fortunately, under a company, you will be protected by limited liability and this means that your personal assets will not be used to pay off the debts of the company unless some kind of fraud or wrong dealing is at play. However, all the assets of the business will be available to creditors of the business, and therefore, you should be very aware that any assets you transfer to the business will not be protected by the principle of unlimited liability and will be available to creditors should the business fail. Therefore, one way to minimize the risk of such loss is to avoid transferring unnecessary assets from the partnership to the
Friday, January 31, 2020
Thursday, January 23, 2020
What Being An American Means to Me I believe the term American applies to the entire hemisphere, from Alaska to Chile and Argentina, assuming that all people fall under the same culture as the conventional United States. Basically I feel like it means being a small part of a huge diversity of people. As an infant, like all other infants, I started with no culture and slowly learned the cultural values of the United States of America. These cultural values seem almost oblivious as I look back on it now, but as I have matured I have come to understand what it means to be an American. If I have the chance to travel some I believe I will have a stronger sense of what being American means to me. I think this is because it would give me a more realistic view of the world with regards to other countries. With diversity comes learning, understanding the differences between people and myself. It often seems that people simply think that their values are the right ones, but I would like to think that it is within the potential of every person to go beyond this. I believe that there is probably always a better way, we just have to find it. I think it is important to learn not to attach a good or bad label on a culture, but to realize that life is not that simple. Being American is a privile ge and there are many connotations to being American. I also think it is important to stand for what you believe in, but also be accepting of other possibilities without judgement. We all have to realize that there are differences and that is what makes this world such a great place to live in. Sometimes I believe that Americans feel they are so powerful and elitist and do not appreciate the wonder of other cultures in the world. I think being an American means the right to have rights, the freedom to be different. I would also say it means having the ability to control your own life, your destiny.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
In ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"The TempestÃ¢â¬ , Prospero has been represented variously as a good, caring man or as a manipulating, devious Ã¢â¬Å"puppeteerÃ¢â¬ . Compare and contrast how he has been represented and make your conclusion as to what kind of character Prospero actually is. A-Prospero, the protagonist of ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"TempestÃ¢â¬ , has been variously presented as a kind, wise man as well as an uncaring, power hungry tyrant. A very real and multifaceted character with plenty of grey shades, Prospero has been seen as some as a manifestation of the play writer himself. I believe that, although Prospero has his faults, all his seemingly callous actions are directed towards a happy ending for every one. The best side of his personality is reserved for his daughter, Miranda. Though he is, at times, domineering towards her Ã¢â¬â (Ã¢â¬Å"Hence! Hang not on my garments! Ã¢â¬Å") Ã¢â¬â he loves her deeply. He tells her that he done Ã¢â¬Ënothing but in care of herÃ¢â¬â¢, and all his actions are for her benefit ad to secure her future. He calls her a Ã¢â¬ËcherubinÃ¢â¬â¢ and uses various terms of endearment for her Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ËwenchÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â which bring out his love for her. However, Prospero also Ã¢â¬ËmeddlesÃ¢â¬â¢ a lot with his daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s emotions. She is led to fall in love with Ferdinand, and ProsperoÃ¢â¬â¢s comments, Ã¢â¬Å"It goes on, I seeÃ¢â¬ shows that the relationship is all part of his master plan. He spies on her clandestine meeting with Ferdinand, and he is, often, a puppet master and she is his puppet, docile and obedient. This underlines the control he has over her, and his lust for power, but he is redeemed by the fact that he is doing it all for her good, after all, Ã¢â¬Ëthe end justifies the meansÃ¢â¬â¢. His test for Ferdinand is because Elizabethan romantic convention holds that a manÃ¢â¬â¢s love must be proved to be true through feats of tests. Towards his estranged brother, Antonio, and his companions, Prospero is less kind. He subjects them to mental torture by conjuring a violent tempest, leading them to believe they are ship wrecked. He is portrayed as a master puppeteer manipulating his puppets as he watches the company blunder about the island. But however sinister his attitude was, the fact remained that Prospero instructed Ariel to keep them Ã¢â¬ËunharmedÃ¢â¬â¢. His frequent praise of Gonzalo, Ã¢â¬Ëhonest old lordÃ¢â¬â¢ shows the audience that he does not really intend any malice. He did not want to use physical violence, even though it could be justified by the cruel actions of Antonio. Even though Antonio is a thoroughly Ã¢â¬ËbadÃ¢â¬â¢ character, ProsperoÃ¢â¬â¢s lack of violence redeems him to the audience. At the end of the play, Prospero forgives all his misdeed that had taken place and it is this forgiveness that labels him as a kind wise man. The only time Prospero shows a truly ugly side to his character is when he deals with Caliban. He hurls epithets such as Ã¢â¬ËtortoiseÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËearthÃ¢â¬â¢ to him and inflicts him with Ã¢â¬ËcrampsÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëside stitchesÃ¢â¬â¢. Caliban terror on seeing Stephano shows the fear instilled in him by ProsperoÃ¢â¬â¢s spirits. ProsperoÃ¢â¬â¢s actions towards Caliban are also, however, justified. CalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s attempted rape of Miranda and his repulsive desire to Ã¢â¬Ëpeople the island with CalibansÃ¢â¬â¢ rightly earns a harsh punishment from Prospero. The only unjustified act of Prospero is that he seems to put too much stock by CalibanÃ¢â¬â¢s birth and appearance. He calls him a Ã¢â¬Ëfreckled whelpÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬Ëhag bornÃ¢â¬â¢. But even here, the prevailing Elizabethan belief was that anyone so misshapen was evil and deserved to be treated as such. Towards his other servant, the Ã¢â¬ËairyÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬ËlightÃ¢â¬â¢ Ariel, Prospero is much kinder. He frequently calls her a Ã¢â¬Ëbrave spiritÃ¢â¬â¢ and Ã¢â¬Ëmy tricksy ArielÃ¢â¬â¢, using possessive pronouns to signal acceptance and pride. The only time he is angry with Ariel is when the spirit demand its freedom, just when ProsperoÃ¢â¬â¢s master plan is about to unfold. He is understandably angry: she is the key to a plan he has waited twelve years to operate and it is an opportunity not be given again. Prospero is a man who is multi-faceted and perhaps that is why he is so human. Though he has shades of grey, he is essentially a good man, who has been usurped of his dukedom. Shakespeare realised that Prospero was dealing with great evil, and could not afford to be too good and therefore nai ve. He had to be written as a firm, stern man who knew what he wanted and how to achieve it. Prospero may have manipulated his daughter, but only to restore her future and her status. He is callous to Ariel, but promises to set it free. He leads the company all over the island, but reunites them in the end. Ã¢â¬ËAllÃ¢â¬â¢s well that ends wellÃ¢â¬â¢ and Prospero delivers, restoring his dukedom, marrying the lovers and ensuring happy endings.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
The Hound of the Baskervilles written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and the movie The Hound of the Baskervilles directed by Jeremy Bret are two works of art that are mainly telling the same story. There are, however, many differences about the book and the movie. Those differences donÃ¢â¬â¢t affect the outcome of the story, but they give less impact to the story. Along with the differences there are many similarities, and those similarities give you confidence that it is the same story. One major difference in the movieÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The chase was taken place inside of a building in the movie and in the book it took place outside on the street and the follower of Sir Henry just took off in a cab. A minor difference between the movie and the book was concerning the scene about Sir Henry going to the moor. In the book he was pretty upset that people were trying to keep him from going there, but in the movie he showed the least bit of emotion. This was not a major impact on the story but it definitely added character to Sir Henry. In the movie Sir Henry was somewhat timid and in the book that scene showed he was not afraid to stand up for himself. In the book Watson went by himself to Laura Lyons house then got Holmes and went back to her house though in the movie Watson went only once and he was accompanied by Holmes. This is a minor difference that did not affect the storyline at all I think the reason for cutting this scene out was for time reasons. I believe that this was a very opportune tim e to cut a scene out because the first visit had noShow MoreRelatedComparing The Hound Of The Baskervilles By Arthur Conan Doyle1180 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"The differences are obviousÃ¢â¬ as Arthur Conan-Doyle states. (Doyle, 51) As all stories that have been both stories and books, there will he obviously some similarities and some differences between the two versions. The Hound of the Baskervilles by Arthur Conan-Doyle and the more recent movie in the 2012 TV series Ã¢â¬Å"SherlockÃ¢â¬ , are two great examples to compare and contrast story lines. It is these two pieces that I will be writing about. Returning to DoyleÃ¢â¬â¢s quote, it is obvious while looking forRead MoreHounds of Baskervilles Essay1101 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesCompare and Contrast The Hound of the Baskervilles Movie and Book The Hound of the Baskervilles written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and the movie The Hound of the Baskervilles directed by Jeremy Bret are two works of art that are mainly telling the same story. There are, however, many differences about the book and the movie. Those differences donÃ¢â¬â¢t affect the outcome of the story, but they give less impact to the story. Along with the differences there are many similarities, and those similaritiesRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesProduction: Lisa Rinaldi Full-Service Project Management: Christian Holdener, S4Carlisle Publishing Services Composition: S4Carlisle Publishing Services Printer/Binder: Courier/Kendallville Cover Printer: Courier/Kendalville Text Font: 10.5/12 ITC New Baskerville Std Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within text. Copyright Ã © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice